Saturday, July 6, 2013

Fun Fact Saturday: Tudor Words Glossary (R-T)

The glossary or Tudor era words and terms continues...


Reformation - an attempt begun by Martin Luther in 1517 to reform the abuses that were rife within the Roman Catholic Church and ending in separation of several reform groups from the Catholic Church; the basis of Protestantism.

Revelry - delight, pleasure.

Ribaldry - course jesting.

Rood - crucifix; often people would take an oath "by the rood".

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Sanguine - in health; too much blood, in personality: ardent or hopeful.

Silly - weak or deserving of pity.

Simony - the sale of Church positions.

Sire - father.

Sobre/Sober - serious, grave.

Photo Source: Joss Stone as Anne of Cleves, The Tudors (2007-2010)

Sojourn - remain.

Sooth/Soothly - truth, truly.

Sorely - very.

Strange - in Tudor times, it meant "not the usual" rather than "odd". When Queen Jane first became ill after Edward's birth, she had chills from her fever and severe gastrointestinal distress. Her ladies were accused of "letting her take cold and letting her eat strange foods", by which they meant letting Jane eat rich foods that were not her usual fare.

Sumptuary Laws - laws which governed what each class could or could not wear and only persons of certain rank could wear velvet or silk. Sumptuary Laws are defined as "Laws made for the purpose of restraining luxury or extravagance, particularly against inordinate expenditures in the matter of apparel, food, furniture, etc." These laws dictated what color and type of clothing, furs, fabrics, and trims were allowed to persons of various ranks or incomes. In the case of clothing this was intended, amongst other reasons, to reduce spending on foreign textiles and to ensure that people did not dress above their station.

Sarah Bolger as Mary Tudor, The Tudors (2007-2010)

Sweating sickness - a virulent disease characterized by alternating bouts of cold chills and fever accompanied by excessive sweating and often resulting in death. The Sweat occurred in several epidemics between 1485 and 1551. Henry's older brother Arthur may have died of The Sweat. Henry lived in terror of it and fled the city whenever The Sweat emerged. Anne and George Boleyn became ill with it but survived. Anne's sister Mary's husband, William Carey did not. 

Swive - a Tudor era slang term meaning to have sexual intercourse, and is related to the word "swivel", unsurprisingly.

Tempest - storm.

Thou - you.

- a Medieval/Renaissance amusement where two men on horseback charge at each other with lances.

Tiltyard - area where jousting took place.

Trencher - a plate or bowl made of hard, stale bread.

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Troth - a phonetic variant of "truth", it's a promise, pledge, or vow.

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